Oil spill poses a great threat marine environment that deals with the massive pressure on responsibility for emergency response and clean up processes. There are several components related to Oil spill modelling,
- Weathering Model: To simulate the changes in oil characteristics from time to time.
- Short-term weathering process: Evaporation, spreading, dispersion and dissolution
- Long- term weathering process: Emulsification, Photochemical oxidation and biodegradation.
- Trajectory Model:
Oil spill trajectory model is helpful in predicting the path where the spilled oil is likely to travel with respect to the time and determine the areas of shoreline and environmentally sensitive areas that could be at risk. The movement of the oil depends on the physical processes of the ocean. This helps in formulating contingency plans with respect to the prevailing marine environment. The models are beneficial in determining the anticipated movement of oil spill, the extent of its spread and to devise the appropriate oil spill response plan.