Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) is carried for identifying and introducing measures to prevent environmental adverse impacts caused by development project. In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it. Recently, developed countries and international donor agencies increasingly demand developing countries for environmental considerations when providing development assistance. ESIA studies are conducted as per the national and international standards to secure timely approvals, funding and social acceptance from the Stakeholders. 

  1. Studying and understanding the current environmental and social scenario
    1. Identify adverse environmental and social impacts of the project and recommending measures for mitigation;
    1. Verifying compliance with the environmental regulations and relevant standards;
    1. Identify problems (non-conformity) and recommend measures to improve the environmental management system;
    1. Design monitoring and evaluation framework for assessing the mitigation measures implemented during the project development and operation;
    1. Recommend cost effective measures to be used to mitigate against the anticipated negative impacts;
    1. Identify and quantify the project affected people (PAPs) who would require assistance in the form of tree / crop yield compensation, rehabilitation or resettlement (if any);.
    1. Provide guidelines to stakeholders participating in the mitigation of adverse social impacts of the project;

ESIA Components

  • Project feasibility, Alternative route analysis
  • Equator Principles and IFC Performance Standards compliance
  • GIS based land use land cover mapping
  • Indentifying the potential receptors under risk
  • Stakeholder/Community Engagement
  • Census Survey of the Project Affected People (PAP)
  • Resettlement Action Plan (RAP)
  • Baseline Ecology and Biodiversity study
  • Developing Environmental and Social Management Plan
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